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Early Japan (until 710)  

Basic information

During the Jomon Period (13000 BC to 300 BC), the inhabitants of the
Japanese islands were gatherers, fishers and hunters. Jomon is the name of
the era's pottery.

During the Yayoi Period (300 BC to 300 AD), the rice culture was
imported into Japan around 100 BC. With the introduction of agriculture,
social classes started to evolve, and parts of the country began to unite
under powerful land owners. Chinese travellers during the Han and Wei
dynasties reported that a queen called Himiko (or Pimiku) reigned over
Japan at that time. The Yayoi period brought also the introduction of iron
and other modern ideas from Korea into Japan. Again, its pottery gave the
period its name.

By the beginning of the Kofun Period (300 - 538), a center of power had
developed in the fertile Kinai plain, and by about 400 AD the country was
united as Yamato Japan with its political center in and around the province
of Yamato (about today's Nara prefecture). The period's name comes from
the large tombs (kofun) that were built for the political leaders of that era.
Yamato Japan extended from Kyushu to the Kinai plain, but did not yet
include the Kanto, Tohoku and Hokkaido.

The emperor was ruler of Yamato Japan and resided in a capital that was
moved frequently from one city to another. However, the Soga clan soon
took over the actual political power, resulting in the fact that most of the
emperors only acted as the symbol of the state and performed Shinto

Tourism today

Domestic tourism remains a vital part of the Japanese
economy and Japanese culture. Children in many middle
schools see the highlight of their years as a visit to Tokyo
Disneyland or perhaps Tokyo Tower, and many high
school students often visit Okinawa or Hokkaido. The
extensive rail network together with domestic flights
sometimes in planes with modifications to favor the
relatively short distances involved in intra-Japan travel
allows efficient and speedy transport.

In inbound tourism, Japan was ranked 28th in the world in
2007.In 2009, the Yomiuri Shimbun published a modern list
of famous sights under the name Heisei Hyakkei (the
Hundred Views of the Heisei period).

Japan is one of the most popular travel destinations in the
world. It is a unique blend of traditional and modern, with
many temples and buildings from the past co-existing with
modern achievements in architecture and technology.
Visitors can be immersed in Japanese history and culture one
day and get a glimpse of the future through technological
developments the next. Almost all of the historical sites are
still used for their original purposes while remaining open to
the public. The natural beauty of Japan can be seen all year.
In addition, Japan has one of the world’s lowest crime rates
which makes it ideal for travelers. An overview of the top
tourist attractions in Japan.

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial is a haunting tribute to
the lives lost when the atomic bomb was dropped on
Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Set in a park, the memorial
features Genbaku Dome, the only building left standing in
the vicinity after the bomb dropped. This harsh reminder of
a world at war reminds visitors of the importance of human
life and honors the victims so they will never be forgotten.